Strategic Adjustment of China’s Diplomacy at a New Starting Point
For more than one year after taking office, China’s new leadership has largely inherited and continued the diplomatic strategy of its predecessor. On the other hand, given China’s growing comprehensive national strength, increasing international challenges, and change of governments in the world including China, it has adjusted and enriched the substance of the strategy in a distinctive way. For example, the new leadership has specified strategic self-identification, updated strategic thinking, kept strategic composure, strengthened strategic initiative and planning, and developed strategic theories. China’s diplomatic strategy requires further adjustment for the next decade to enhance theoretical innovation and execution, China’s diplomacy will be conducted in a more active, pragmatic, and effective way and will thrive in meeting challenges and overcoming difficulties. China’s strategic diplomacy needs to reflect the vision and logic of a rising global power, strengthen strategic construction based on practice and experience by further adjusting strategic objectives, building strategic cooperation networks, and deepening strategic theoretic studies. China’s diplomatic strategy requires perspectives that are all-dimensional, diversified, and transcends space and time. It needs to take into account the changing and interacting internal and external environments to further consolidate and deepen domestic support. Finally, academic circles of IR and diplomatic studies should be driven by an acute and urgent sense of calling to construct and develop China’s strategies within the diplomatic theoretical system with Chinese characteristics to enrich the variety of public goods provided by China to the international community.
The Historic Mission of the Contemporary Major Powers to Avoid Splitting and Confrontation of Global Alliances
——With Discussion on Theories and Practices of the New Type of Major-power Relationship
Traditional major-power relations feature alliance, splitting, and confrontation that compete for world hegemony with each other. Not only the political relations are splitting, but also economic relations are confrontational, both without an overarching arrangement of coordination mechanisms. With the historic inertia left thereof, the post-war bipolar configuration formed between the two superpowers, the U.S. and the USSR, remains the same with the above-mentioned feature. The Cold War was the name of the day between the two superpowers though a general hot war avoided. Today the global system, symbiotic by nature, has added a modern sense to “either win-win games or lose-lose games”, the feature of now the fate-commonwealth of humankind, which has lessened the raison d"être of the basic nature of the traditional major-power relationship, and weakened the historic inertia of the major-power relationship, hence leaving a historic requirement and opportunity to build a new type of major-power relationship. China’s timely call for building a new type of major-power relationship is not only due to its adherence to the road of peaceful development, but also a hope to offer a direction to the common effort of the world to get rid of the historic inertia of the traditional major-power relationship, which not only contains theoretical and practical grounds, but also scientifically masters historic trends of the post-war international relations.